Inflammatory acne includes red-colored blemishes, pimples (papules and pustules, also referred to as zits), and nodules (large, deep, swollen, and tender lesions). Often associated with pain, it is associated with severe acne cases and is often more difficult to control.
Inflammatory acne can be broken down into three main categories:
- Papules - Papules are closed comedones that swell up and become red due to inflammation. Often having a rough appearance and texture on the skin, they appear on the face as well as the rest of the body. They develop when the hair follicle wall breaks and caves in. As white blood cells rush to the area to fight bacteria, visible inflammation and redness develops.
- Pustules - Pustules are closed comedones that become inflamed and ruptures, forming pustular heads of different sizes. Primarily referred to as zits or pimples, they are visible for days after the formation of papules due to white blood cells rushing to the skin’s surface. Pustules can be large, painful, and tender. Treat pustules with care to avoid scarring and promote proper healing.
- Nodules - Nodules are large, deep, and tender acne lesions that rupture under the skin and are often painful; untreated, nodules often lead to deep acne scars. Also known as cystic acne, this is the most severe form of inflammatory acne and is associated with extreme tenderness and pain. Cystic acne forms deep beneath the surface of the skin. White blood cells, oil, and fluids build up to form pus-filled sacs, called cysts. When the bottom of a follicle breaks, it forms a nodule, or a large, sore bump on the face. Nodules go deep into the skin, making recovery difficult and scarring a possibility. Early treatment is key for cystic acne and nodules.
As with all acne, inflammatory acne is due to an imbalance in the skin. Promote your skin’s balance for a clearer complexion with one of the amazing Cosmedica products
. And see a dermatologist for targeted acne treatments.